UiB L. Meltzer Høyskolefond Uni Research AS DISCOVERY COST Action A32 Clarino

XML Transformation: Interactive Dynamic Presentation (IDP) of Wittgenstein's Nachlass

Wittgenstein Archives at the University of Bergen (WAB): Open Access to transcriptions of the Wittgenstein Nachlass

With this interactive site, you can access WAB's transcriptions of Wittgenstein's philosophical Nachlass as it was catalogued by his trustee G.H. von Wright in "The Wittgenstein papers" (1969). You can produce clean copy versions of the Nachlass or versions closer to the original recording all deletions, insertions, overwritings etc. The first we call normalized, the second diplomatic versions. You can also combine diplomatic and normalized parameters. Moreover, you can apply a selection of filters and presentation modes to the transcriptions and, for example, filter the Nachlass texts according to Wittgenstein's "section marks" ("Randzeichen"), include or omit the section marks themselves, include or omit handwritten revisions in typescripts, or order the remarks of a text chronologically. We call the feature which lets you toggle filters and presentation modes "Interactive Dynamic Presentation".

In order to access the transcriptions, simply use the drop-down menu under "Select a Nachlass item" below and pick one of the Ms/Ts items on the list. To begin with, we suggest that you simply accept the default settings (= lighlty normalizing parameters) and end the selection process by clicking the "ok" button at the bottom of the page. The site will soon after that display the transcription of the item you selected in HTML format, and according to the parameters selected.

Most Wittgenstein scholars will already be familiar with many of the Nachlass texts from the earlier "works" publications produced by Wittgenstein's trustees or from Wittgenstein's own publication of the "Tractatus"; whenever an item or even only a part of an item is published in one of these publications, this is indicated in the list after the dating of the item. Parts of Ms-110, for example, are published in the "Remarks on Frazer's 'Golden Bough'". Publications in "Culture and Value", however, are not indicated since this would have made the list cumbersome. For detailed information about publication sources, see Pichler's catalogue in Biggs & Pichler 1993 or use the "Published in" facet on WAB's site for semantic faceted search and browsing of Wittgenstein metadata. Regarding the datings of the items, note that where Wittgenstein did not himself provide a date these are estimated. For arrive at these estimates we have often consulted the editorial introductions to the editions of Wittgenstein's "works" and publications by G.H. von Wright, L. Bazzocchi, S. Edwards-McKie, A. Gibson, St. Hilmy, P. Keicher, J. Klagge, H.W. Krueger, B. McGuinness, R. Monk, M. Nedo, A. Pichler, M. Pilch, R. Rhees, B. Rogers, M. Rosso, J. Rothhaupt, A. Schmidt, J. Schulte, J. Smith, D. Stern, N. Venturinha, P.K. Westergaard, K. van Gennip. Also note that the dating of the typescripts refers to the typed text and not to later revisions. It must be generally remembered that the dating always refers to the first writing / composition of an item, not to later changes therein or thereof.

Note that not all technical features are fully operational, including hyperlinks to Wittgenstein Source (2009-) where the facsimile linked to is not yet available on the Wittgenstein Source site. Equally note that different browsers may render the same HTML content differently or even faultily. We have noticed that especially Internet Explorer does not consistently display format features, e.g. underlining. Also note that the transcriptions may contain mistakes and that the dating of a number of individual remarks as well as many renderings of graphics and logical / mathematical notation need correction and improvement. While global corrections and improvements are continuously being carried out in all items, items marked + (e.g. Ms-105) have undergone focused proofreading of the normalized version since the publication of the Bergen Electronic Edition (2000).

This site had a precursor in the Using XML to generate research tools for Wittgenstein scholars by collaborative groupwork project (2002-03) where interactive dynamic presentation was applied to a part of Ms-101. With the Discovery (2006-09) and COST Action A32 (2006-10) projects, further items amounting to approx. 5000 pages were included; these items constituted the beginning of Wittgenstein Source. Since May 27, 2016, the site offers access to all of WAB's transcriptions of the Wittgenstein Nachlass, always with the most recent corrections and improvements included. An important part of the programming for the site was produced within the Norwegian Clarino project. For the site's maintenance and further development, WAB cooperates with the Section for Digital Services at the University of Bergen University Library.

The texts are made available by permission of The Master and Fellows of Trinity College, Cambridge and the University of Bergen, Bergen, and in agreement with Oxford University Press with whom WAB cooperates towards producing a new Bergen Electronic Edition. Please pay special attention to the fact that only the 5000 pages of the Discovery project items (Ts-201a1, Ts-201a2, Ms-139a, Ts-207, Ms-114, Ms-115, Ms-153a, Ms-153b, Ms-154, Ms-155, Ms-156a, Ms-148, Ms-149, Ms-150, Ts-212, Ts-213, p.39v of Ms-140, Ms-141, Ms-152, Ts-310) are made available under the CCPL BY-NC-SA license. For all other items standard copyright regulations and permission restrictions apply. The copyright holders are: The Master and Fellows of Trinity College, Cambridge; The University of Bergen, Bergen.

If you are interested in WAB's underlying XML encoding of the Nachlass, you can find slightly simplified samples here.

Please acknowledge use of the site in the following way: Wittgenstein, Ludwig (2016): Interactive Dynamic Presentation (IDP) of Ludwig Wittgenstein's philosophical Nachlass [http://wab.uib.no/transform/wab.php?modus=opsjoner]. Edited by the Wittgenstein Archives at the University of Bergen under the direction of Alois Pichler. Bergen: Wittgenstein Archives at the University of Bergen.

We are grateful for any communication of transcription and other mistakes. For questions and comments write to Alois Pichler.

Select a Nachlass item:

Choose basic style Diplomatic Normalized
Display line breaks [not yet available for all items] Include Exclude
Display handwritten revisions in typescript Include Exclude
In normalized version, display all (retained) variants Display all Display only first
Highlight text types   Highlight No highlight
  Secret code   Highlight No highlight
  Vermischte Bemerkung   Highlight No highlight
  Comment   Highlight No highlight
  Notation and graphics   Highlight No highlight
Sort chronologically Ascending sort No sort
Display section marks ('Randzeichen') Display Don't display
Add names and dates for each 'Bemerkung' Add Don't add
Filter according to section mark ('Randzeichen')   Show Hide
  [No section mark]   Show Hide
  /   Show Hide
  \   Show Hide
  |   Show Hide
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  +   Show Hide
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  ?   Show Hide
  /?   Show Hide
  \?   Show Hide
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  //   Show Hide
  \\   Show Hide
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  o   Show Hide
  ø   Show Hide
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  ¿   Show Hide
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  f   Show Hide
  k   Show Hide
  s   Show Hide
  ü   Show Hide
  v   Show Hide
  z   Show Hide
  A   Show Hide
  C   Show Hide
  L   Show Hide
  L.L.   Show Hide
  U   Show Hide
  X   Show Hide